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Teaching hospitals are centres of excellence and complex health care. Governance of teaching hospitals is unusual because it involves many players, such as the MoH, the Ministry of Education, and university and political influences in the community; teaching hospitals have a high social and political profile.


The care at these facilities requires more complex, technologically oriented and delivered by highly skilled personnel. They have a high concentration of resources and are relatively expensive to run. They also support the training of health workers both pre-service and in-service.

Teaching hospitals basically perform the following functions:

Health care  –They provide complex curative tertiary care. They also provide preventive care and participate in public health programmes for the local community and the total primary health care system. Referrals from districts as well as the regions are ultimately received and managed at the teaching hospitals. The teaching hospitals have a special role in providing information on various health problems and diseases.

Quality of care –Teaching hospitals provide a leading role in setting high-quality clinical standards and treatment protocols. The best quality of care in the country should be found at teaching hospitals.

Access to care –Patients might only have access to teaching hospitals through a well-developed referral System

Research –With the concentration of resources and personnel, teaching hospitals contribute in providing solutions to local and national health problems through research

Teaching and training –Teaching functions are one of the primary functions of the teaching hospital. They provide both basic and post-graduate training for health professionals.

From the above, the present mental health structure supports the three psychiatric institutions as facilities for Teaching hospitals for psychiatry, though at the moment, the Accra Psychiatric Hospital is the only center for Teaching and training of psychiatrists.

The other two facilities support in the training of psychiatric nurses and in research in mental health. They also offer the quality of care that the MHA believes should be offered to Ghanaians to reflect their middle income status as a nation.